Bayou Lafourche at Mississippi River Junction
What's the Story?
Bayou LaFourche is a 106-mile waterway that stretches from Donaldsonville to the Gulf of Mexico. About 800 to 2,500 years ago this bayou was the Mississippi riverbed, highlighting a primary thematic element of this river landscape—change. Whether natural—like the constant ebb and flow of seasonal thaws, storm surge, delta-building and subsidence—or man-made—like closing off a bayou—coastal landscapes continue to evolve for better or for worse. The Mississippi River eventually carved a different course to the Gulf, and Bayou Lafourche became a distributary channel during high water.
Originally called the Chetimachas River and La Fourche des Chetimaches (“the fork of the Chitimacha”), Bayou Lafourche was an important passageway for American Indians, principally the Chitimacha tribe. The city of Donaldsonville emerged in 1750 at the confluence of the Mississippi River and Bayou Lafourche to become an important trading post and one of the oldest settlements in the state.
Along with Bayou Maringuoin, Bayou Teche and other relict channels and distributaries of the Mississippi, Bayou Lafourche helped shape Louisiana’s coastline, a landscape defined by various bayous, bays, lakes and marshes left behind with each variation in the river’s primary flow. Historically, the Mississippi River and Bayou Lafourche helped to counteract subsidence in the area by carrying fresh water, sediment and nutrients. Because early laws held landowners responsible for flood prevention, Bayou Lafourche’s frequent overflows eventually became too burdensome for residents. In 1903 the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers constructed a high levee at the junction of the two bodies of water to separate them and prevent flooding.
Through the years water quality suffered due to a lack of seasonal fresh-water flow and increased commerce—both agricultural and industrial—in the Lafourche watershed. Finally, in the 1950s the Mississippi was partially reconnected to Bayou Lafourche via a pumping station that restored fresh water flow. Community efforts are ongoing to address the challenges of maintaining adequate water flow, supplying water to the region, assisting with coastal restoration and promoting recreational interests.
This site’s geology/geomorphology: Holocene natural levee deposits of St. Bernard course of Mississippi River overlying abandoned channel of Lafourche course of Mississippi River
Site GPS Coordinates: 30.107783, -90.991198
Closest Address: 75 Veterans Blvd., Donaldsonville, LA 70346
Driving Directions: From I-10 (Baton Rouge/New Orleans), take exit 182 for LA-22 toward Sorrento/Donaldsonville. Turn right onto LA-22 W (follow signs for Sunshine Bridge/Donaldsonville). Turn left onto LA-70 W/Crawford Leblanc Blvd. After ~10 miles turn right onto LA-3120 N. Turn left onto LA-18 W (Destination will be on the right). From I-10 (Lafayette), take exit 153 to merge onto LA-1 S. Turn left onto Veterans Blvd (Destination will be on the left). From south Louisiana (Houma/Thibodaux), take Highway 308 or Highway 1 N (Destination will be on the left).
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